Untitled Document


This site requires a Unicode-compatible browser to render Greek and various special typographical elements (curly quotes, em-dash and so forth). You must also have installed on your computer a polytonic font equipped with the Extended Greek range of glyphs. Users of Microsoft Internet Explorer on the Windows platform may find this page useful. Be sure your browser's Language preference is set to Unicode (UTF-8) rather than Western. I do not recommend the use of Google Chrome (at least for the Macintosh) because it does not handle all CSS features accurately, such as variable font sizes, correctly.

You can use the following passage from the Iliad to test your browser and fonts for Unicode compatibility. If it is legible, then you may be confident that you will be able to read all the Unicode elements employed in The Philological Museum. If your browser displays none or only some of the characters in this text correctly, then either you are not using a Unicode-compatible browser (be sure you have the most recent version of the one you use), or you do not have a polytonic font installed on your computer. If your browser displays the text legibly but with a mixture of font shapes and sizes, this is because your browser’s currently selected default font is not a polytonic one and it is substituting missing characters borrowed from a polytonic font installed on your computer.

For the best viewing experience, for aesthetic reasons and for ease of reading, a serifed font is preferable, On a PC I recommend the use of 18-pt. Palatino Linotype as your default font. On a Macintosh, I recommend 18-pt Hoeffler Text (your browser will automatically employ Greek glyphs from New Times Roman).

I have tested this page on my own Macintosh and found that Unicode displays properly on it. Presumably, therefore, it will display properly on other modern Apple mobile devices. I have not had the opportunity to test similar devices made by other manufacturers, employing different operating systems.


Μῆνιν ἄειδε θεὰ Πηληϊάδεω ᾿Αχιλῆος
οὐλομένην, ἣ μυρί’ Ἀχαιοῖς ἄλγε’ ἔθηκε,
πολλὰς δ’ ἰφθίμους ψυχὰς Ἄϊδι προΐαψεν
ἡρώων, αὐτοὺς δὲ ἑλώρια τεῦχε κύνεσσιν
οἰωνοῖσί τε πᾶσι, Διὸς δ’ ἐτελείετο βουλή,
ἐξ οὗ δὴ τὰ πρῶτα διαστήτην ἐρίσαντε
Ἀτρεΐδης τε ἄναξ ἀνδρῶν καὶ δῖος Ἀχιλλεύς.
Τίς τάρ σφωε θεῶν ἔριδι ξυνέηκε μάχεσθαι;
Λητοῦς καὶ Διὸς υἱός· ὃ γὰρ βασιλῆϊ χολωθεὶς
νοῦσον ἀνὰ στρατὸν ὄρσε κακήν, ὀλέκοντο δὲ λαοί,