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MONG so many and notable benefits, wherewith God hath alreadie liberally and plentifully endued us, there is nothing more beneficiall, then that wee have by his grace kept us quiet from rebellion at this time. For we see such miseries hang over the whole state of common wealth, through the great misorder of your sedition that it maketh us much to rejoyce, that we have been neither partners of your doings nor conspirers of your counsells. For even as the Lacedemonians for the avoiding of drunkennesse, did cause their sonnes to behold their servants when they were drunk that by beholding their beastlinesse they might avoid the like vice, even so hath God like a mercifull father staid us from your wickednesse, that by beholding the filth of your fault wee might justly for offence abhorre you like rebels whom else by nature we love like Englishmen. And so for our selves wee have great cause to thank God, by whose religion and holy word daily taught us, we learne not only to feare him truly but also to obey our King faithfully, and to serve in our own vocation like subjects honestly. And as for you, we have surely just cause to lament you as brethren, and yet juster cause to rise against you as enimies, and most just cause to over throwe you as rebels. For what hurt could bee done either to us privatly, or to the whole com∣monwealth generally, that is now with mischiefe so brought in by you that even as we see now the flame of your rage, so shall we necessarily be con∣sumed hereafter with the misery of the same. Wherefore consider your selves with some light of understanding, and marke this grievous and hor∣ible fault which yee have thus vildly [vilely] commit∣ted, how haynous it must needs appeare to you, if yee will reasonably consider that which for my duties sake and my whole countries cause, I will at this present declare unto you.
spacer2. Yee which be bound by Gods word not to obey for feare like men pleasers, but for conscience sake, like Christians,have contrary to Gods holy will, whose offence is everlasting death, and con∣trary to the godly order of quietnesse, set out to us in the Kings Majesties laws, the breach where∣of is not unknown to you, taken in hand uncalled of God, unsent by men, unfit by reason, to cast a∣way your bounden duties of obedience, and to put on you against the magistrates, Gods office committed to the magistrates, for the reformation of your pretensed injuries. In the which doing yee have first faulted grievously against God, next offended unnaturally our soveraigne lord, thirdly troubled miserably the whole common-wealth, undone cruelly many an honest man, and brought in an utter misery both to us the Kings subjects and to your selves, being false rebells, and yet yee pretend that partly for Gods cause and partly for the Commonwealths sake yee doe rise, when as your selves cannot denie,but yee that seeke in word Gods cause doe break indeed Gods commande∣ment, and yee that seek the Commonwealth have destroyed the Commonwealth, and so yee marre that yee would make, and break that yee would amend, because yee nether seek any thing rightly nor would amend any thing orderly.
spacer3. Yee which be bound by Gods word not to obey for feare, like men pleasers, but for conscience sake, like Christians, have contrary to Gods holy will, whose offence is everlasting death; and con∣rary to the godly order of quietnesse, set out to us in the Kings Majesties laws, the breach whereof is not unknown to you, taken in hand uncalled of God, unsent by men, unfit by reason, to cast away your bounden duties of obedience, and to put on you against the magistrates, Gods office committed to the magistrates, for the reformation of your pretensed injuries.
spacer4. In the which doing, yee have first faulted grie∣vously against God, next offended unnaturally our Soveraigne Lord, thirdly troubled miserably the whole common-wealth, undone cruelly many an honest man, and brought in an utter mi∣sery both to us the Kings subjects, and to your selves being false rebells: and yet yee pretend that partly for Gods cause, and partly for the Commonwealths sake, yee doe rise, when as your selves cannot denie, but yee that seeke in word Gods cause, doe break indeed Gods commandement; and yee that seek the Commonwealth, have destroyed the Commonwealth: and so yee marre that yee would make, and break that yee would amend, because yee nether seek any thing rightly, nor would amend any thing orderly.
spacer5. He that faulteth, faulteth against Gods ordinance, Who hath forbidden all faults, and therefore ought againe to be punished by Gods ordinance, who is the reformer of faults. For he saith, leave the punishment to me, and I will revenge them. But the magistrate is the ordinance of God, appointed by him with the sword of punishment, to looke straitly to all evill doers. And therefore that that is done by the magistrate is done by the ordinance of God, whō the Scripture oftentimes doth call God, because he hath the execution of Gods office. How then doe you take in hand to reforme? Be yee Kings? By what authority? or by what succession? Be yee the Kings officers? By what commission? Be yee called of God? By what tokens declare yee that? Gods word teacheth us, that no man should take in hand any office, but he that is called of God like Aaron. What Moses I pray you called you? What Gods minister bade you rise?
spacer6. Yee rise for religion. What religion taught you that? If yee were offered persecution for r∣ligion, yee ought to flie: so Christ teacheth you, and yet you intend to fight. If yee would stand in the truth, yee ought to suffer like martyrs, and you would slay like tyrants. Thus for religion yee keep no religion, and neither will follow the counsell of Christ, nor the constancy of martyrs. Why rise yee for religion? Have yee any thing contrary to Gods book? Yea, have yee not all things agreable to Gods word? But the new is different from the old, and therefore yee will have the old. If yee measure the old by truth, yee have the oldest: if yee measure the old by fancie, then it is hard, because mens fancies change, to give that is old. Yee will have the old still: Will yee have any older then that which Christ left, and his Apostles taught, and the first Church after Christ did use? Yee will have that the Canons doe establish. Why, that is a great deale younger then that yee have of later time, and newlier invented. Yet that is it that yee desire. Why, then yee desire not the oldest. And doe you preferre the Bishops of Rome afore Christ? Mens invention afore Gods law? the newer sort of worship before the older? Yee seek no religion, yee be deceived, yee seeke traditions. They that teach you, blinde you; that so instruct you deceiuve you. If yee seek what the old doctors say, yet look what Christ the oldest of all saith. For he saith, before Abraham was made, I am. blue If yee seek the truest way, he is the very truth: if yee seek the readiest way, hee is the very way: if yee seek everlasting life, he is the very life. What religion would you have other now, then his religion?
spacer7. You would have the Bibles in againe. It is no marvell, your blind guides would lead you blinde still. Why, be yee howlets and bats that yee can∣not look on the light? Christ saith to every one, search yee the Scriptures, for they beare witnesse of Christ. You say, pull in the Scriptures, for we will haue no knowledge of Christ. The Apostles of Christ will us to be so ready, that we may be able to give every man an account of our faith. Yee will us not once to read the Scriptures for feare of knowing of our faith. Saint Paul prayeth that every man may increase in knowledge, yee desire that our knowledge might decay againe A true religion yee iseek belike, and worthy to be fought for. For without the sword indeed, nothing can help it, neither Christ, nor truth, nor age can maintaine it. But why should yee not like that which Gods word establisheth, the primitiue Church hath authorised, the greatest learned men of this realme haue drawne, the whole consent of the Parliament hath confirmed, the Kings Maje∣stie hath set forth? Is it not truly set out? Can yee devise any truer, then Christs Apostles used? Yee think it is not learnedly done. Dare yee commons take upon you more learning then the chosen Bishops and clearks of this Realme have? Think yee folly in it? Yee were wont to judge your Parliament wisest, and now will yee suddainly excell them in wisdome? Or can you think it lacketh authority, which the King, the Parliament, the learned, the wise, have justly approved? Learne, learne, to know this one point of religion, that God will be worshipped as he hath prescribed, and not as we have devised: and that his will is wholy in his Scriptures, which be full of Gods spirit, and profitable to teach the truth, to reprove lyes, to amend faults, to bring one up in righteousnesse, that he that is a Gods man may be perfect and ready to all good works. What can be more required to serve God withall? And thus much for religion-rebels.
spacer8. Like the other rabble of Norfolk rebels, yee pretend a Commonwealth. How amend yee it, bt killing of gentlemen, by spoiling of gentlemen, by imprisoning of gentlemen? A marveilous tanned blue Commonwealth. Why should yee thus hate them? For their riches,or for their rule? Rule they never took so much in hand as yee doe now. They never resisted the King, never withstood his Councell; be faithfull at this day, when yee be faithlesse, not only to the King, whose subjects yee be, but also to your lords, whose tenants yee be. Is this your true duty, in some of homage, in most of fealtie, in all of allegeance, to leave your duties, goe back from your promises, fall from your faith, and contrary to law and truth to make unlawfull assemblies, ungodly companies, wi∣ked and detestable camps, to disobey your betters, and to obey your H, to change your obedience from a King to a Ket, to submit your selves to traytors, and break your faith to your true King and lords? They rule but by law: if otherwise, the law, the Councell, the King, taketh away their rule. Yee haue orderly sought no redresse, but yee have in time found it. In countries some must rule, some must obey, every man may not beare like stroke, for every man is not like wise. And they that have seene most, and be best able to beare it, and of just dealing befide, be most fit to rule. It is another matter to understand a mans own griefe, and to knowe the Commonwealths sore: and therefore not they that knowe their own case, as every man doth, but they that understand the Commonwealths state, ought to have in countries the preferment of ruling. If yee felt the paine that is joyned with governance, as yee see and like the honour, yee would not hurt o∣hers to rule them, but rather take great paine to be ruled of them. If yee had rule of the Kings Majestie committed unto you, it were well done yee had ruled the gentlemen: but now yee have it not and cannnot beare their rule, it is to think the Kings Majestie foolish and unjust, that hath given certaine rule to them. And seeing by the Scripture that yee ought not to speake evill of any magi∣trate of the people, why doe yee not only speak evill of them, whom the Kings Majestie hath put in office, but also judge evill of the King himselfe, and thus seditiously in field stand with your swords drawne against him?
spacer9. If riches offend you, because yee would have the like, then think that to be no Commonwealth, but envie to the Commonwealth. Envie it is to appaire another mans estate without the amend∣ment of your own. And to have no gentlemen,because yee be none your selves is to bring down an estate and to mend none. Would yee have all alike rich? That is the overthrowe of labour, and utter decay of work in this realme. For who wil labour more, if when he hath gotten more the idle shall by lust without right, take what him lust from him, under pretence of equalitie with him. This is the bringing in of idlenesse, which destroyeth the Commonwealth, and not the amendment of labour that maintaineth the Commonwealth. If there should be such equalitie, then yee take all hope away from yours to come to any better estate than you now have them. And as many meane mens children come honestly up, and are great succour to all their stock, so should none bee hereafter holpen by you, but because yee seek equalitie, whereby all cannot be rich, yee would that belike, whereby every man should be poore. And think beside that riches and inheritance be Gods providence, and given to whom of His wisdome He thinketh good. To the honest for the increase of their godlinesse, to the wicked for the heaping up of their damnation, to the simple for a recompence of other lacks, to the wise for the greater setting out of Gods goodnesse. Why will your wisdome now stop Gods wisdome, and provide by your laws, that God shall not enrich them whom He hath by providence appointed as Him  liketh?
spacer10. God hath made the poore, & hath made them to be poore, that he might shew his might, and set them aloft when He listeth, for such cause as to him seemeth;, and pluck downe the rich to this state of povertie to shew His power as he disposeth to order them. Why doe not we then being poore beare it wisely, rather then by lust seek riches unjustly and shew ourselves contented with Gods ordinance, which we must either willingly obey, and then we be wise; or else we must unprofitably strive withall, and then we be mad. But what meane yee by this equality in the Commonwealth? If one be wiser then another, will yee banish him because yee intend an equalitie of all things? If one be stronger then another, will yee slay him because yee seek an equalitie of all things? If one be well favourder then another, will yee punish him because yee look for an equalitie of all things? If one have better utterance then another, will yee pull out his tongue to save your equalitie? And if one be richer then another, will yee spoile him to maintaine an equalitie? If one be elder then another, will yee kill him for his equalities sake? How injurious are yee to God Himselfe, who intendeth to bestow his gifts as he himselfe listeth, and yee seek by wicked insurrections to make him give them commonly alike to all men, as your vaine fansie liketh. Why would yee have an equalitie in riches, and in other gifts of God there is no meane sought? Either by ambition yee seek lordlinesse, much unfit for you; or by covetousnesse yee be unsatiable, a thing likely enough in you; or else by folly yee be not content with your estate, a fansie to be plucked out of you. But and we being weary of poverty would seek to enrich ourselves, we should goe a farre other way to work then this, and so should we rightly come to our desire.
spacer11. Doth not Saint Peter teach us afore God a right way to honour, to riches, to all necessary and profitable things for us? blue He saith, humble your selves, that God might exalt you, and cast all your care on Him, for He careth for you. He teacheth the way to all good things at Gods hand is to be humble, and you exalt your selves. Yee seek things after such a sort as if the servant should anger his master, when hee seeketh to have a good turne on him. Yee would have riches, I think, at Gods hand Who giveth all riches, and yet yee take the way cleane contrary to riches. Know yee not that he that exalteth himselfe, God will throwe him downe? How can yee get it then, by thus setting out your selves: Yee should submit you by humilitie one to another, and yee set up your selves by arrogancy above the magistrates. See herein how much yee offend God. Remember yee not, that if yee come nigh to God, He will come nigh unto you? If then yee goe from God, He will goe from you. Doth not the Psalme say he is holy with the holy, and with the wicked man hee is froward? Even as hee is orderd of men, hee will order them againe. If yee would follow His will, and obey His commandements, yee should eat the fruits of the earth, saith the Prophet: if not, the sword shall devoure you. Yee might have eaten the fruits of this seasonable yeare, if yee had not by disobedience rebelled against God. Now not only yee cannot eate that which yourselves did first sow by labour, and now destroy by sedition, but also if the Kings Majesties sword came not against you, as just policie re∣quireth, yet the just vengeance of God would light among you, as his word promiseth, and your cruell wickednesse deserveth.
spacer12. as they be unjust causes, and increase your faults much, the thing it selfe, the rising I meane, must needs be wicked and horrible afore God, and the usurping of authoritie and taking in hand of rule, which is the sitting in Gods seat of justice, and a proud clyming up into Gods high throne, must needs be not only cursed newly by him, but also hath been oftne punished afore of him. And that which is done to Gods officer, God accounteth it done to him. For they despise not the minister, as He saith Himselfe, but they despise him, and that presumption of challenging Gods seat doth shew you to have been Lucifers, and sheweth us that God will punish you like Lucifers. Wherefore rightly look, as yee duly have deserved, either for great vengeance for your abominable transgression, or else earnestly repent with unfained minds, your wicked doings, and either with example of death be content to dehort [discourage] others, or else by faithfulnesse of obedience declare how great a service it is to God to obey your magistrates faithfully, and to serve in subjection truly.
spacer13. Well, if yee had not thus grievously offended God, Whom yee ought to worship, what can yee reasonably think it, to bee no fault against the King. whom yee ought to reverence? Yee be bound by Gods Word to obey your King, and is it no break of duty to withstand your King? If the servant be bound to obey his master in the familie, is not the subject bound to serve the King in his realme? The childe is bound to the private father, and be we not all bound to the commnwealths father? If wee ought to be subject to the King for Gods sake, ought we not then, I pray you, to be faithfully subject to the King? If we ought dutifully to shew all obedience to heathen kings, shall wee not willingly and truly be subject to Christian kings? If one ought to submit himselfe by humilitie to another, ought we not all by dutie to be subject to our King? If the members of our naturall body all follow the head, shall not the members of the politicall body all obey the King? If good manners be content to give place, the lower to the higher, shall not religion teach us alway to give place to the highest? If true subjects will dye gladly in the Kings service, should not all subjects think it dutie to obey the King with just service? But you have not only disobeyed, like ill subjects, but also taken stoutly rule upon you, like wicked magistrats. Yee have been called to obedience, by counsell of private men, by the advice of the Kings Majesties Councell, by the Kings Majesties free pardon, but what counsell taketh place where sturdinesse is la, and churlish answers bee counted wisdome? Who can perswade where treason is above reason and might ruleth right, and it is had for lawfull whatsoever is lustfull and commotioners are better then commissioners, and common woe is named Commonwealth?
spacer14. Have yee not broken his laws, disobeyed his Councell, rebelled against him? And what is the Commonwealth worth when  the law, which is indifferent for all men, shall be wilfully and spightfully broken of head-strong men, that seek against lawes to order lawes; that thos may take place, not what the consent of wise men hath appointed, but what the lust of rebells hath determi∣ned? What unthriftinesse is in ill servants, wicked∣nesse in unnaturall children, sturdinesse in unruly subjects, crueltie in fierce enimies, wildnesse in beastly mindes, pride in disdainfull hearts, that floweth now in you  which haue fled from housed conspira∣cies to encamped robberies, and are better contented to suffer famine, cold, travell, to glut your lusts then to live in quietnesse, to saue the Commonwealth, and think more liberty in wilfulnesse then wisdome in dutifulnesse, and so run head-long not to the mischiefe of other, but to the destruction of your selves and undoe by folly that yee intend by mischiefe, neither seeing how to remedie that yee judge faulty, nor willing to save your selves from miserie, which stiffe-neckednesse cannot doe, but honestie of obedience must frame.
spacer15. If authoritie would serve, under a King the Coun∣cell have greatest authoritie. If wisdome and gravity might take place, they be of most experience, if knowledge of the Commonwealth could help, they must by daily conference of matters understand it best. Yet neither the authority that the Kings Majestie hath given them, nor the gravity which you knowe to be in them, nor the knowledge which with great travel [travail] they have gotten, can move yee either to keep you in the duty yee ought to doe, or to avoid the great disorder wherein yee be. For where disobedience is thought stoutnesse, and fullennesse is counted manhood, and stomaking is courage, and prating is judged wisdome, and the elvishest [lowest] is most meet to rule, how can other just authority be obeyed, or sad counsell be followed, or good knowledge of matters be heard, or commandments of Councellours be considered? And how is the King obeyed, whose wisest be withstanded, the disobedintest obey∣ed, the high in authority not weighed, the unskilful∣lest made chiefe captaines, to the noblest most hurt intended, the braggingest brawler to be most safe. And even as the viler parts of the body would contende in knowledge and government with the fine wits, so doe the lower parts of the Commonwealth enterprise as high a matter to strive against their dutie of obedience to the Councell.
spacer16. But what talke I of disobedience so quietly? Have not such mad rages run in your heads that, forsaking and bursting the quietnesse of the common peace, yee have hainously and traiterously encamped your selfe in field, and there like a byle [boil]  in a body, nay like a sinke in a towne, have gathered together all the nasty vagabonds and idle loiterers to beare armour against him with whom all godly and good subjects will live and dye withall? If it be a fault, when two fight together, and the Kings peace broken, and punishment to be sought therefore, can it be but an outragious and a detestable mischiefe when so many rebells in number, malitious in minde, mischievous in enterprise, fight, not among themselves, but a∣gainst all the Kings true and obedient subjects and seek to prove whether rebellion may beat down honesty, and wickednesse may overcome truth or no? If it be treason to speake hainously of the Kings Majestie, who is not hurt thereby, and the infamie returneth to the speaker againe, what kinde of outragious and horrible treason is it to assemble in campean [campaign?]  armie against him, and so not only intende an overthrowe to him, and also to his Commonwealth, but also to cast him into an infamie through all outward and strange nations, and perswade them that he is hated of his people, whom he cannot rule, and that they be no better then villaines which will not with good orders be ruled. What death can be devised cruell enough for those rebells who with trouble seeke death, and cannot quench the thirst of their rebellion but with the bloud of true subjects, and hate the Kings mercifull pardon when they miserably have transgressed, and in such an outrage of mischiefe will not by stubbornesse acknowledge themselves to have faulted, but intende to broyle the Commonwealth with the flame of their treason, and as much as lyeth in them, not onely to annoy themselves, but to destroy all other.
spacer17. He that is miscontented with things that happen, and because he cannot beare the misery of them, renteth his haire, and teareth his skinne, and mangleth his face, which easeth not his sorrow but increaseth his misery, may he not be justly called mad and phantasti∣call, and worthie whose wisdome should be suspected? And what shall we say of them, who being in the Commonwealth, feeling a soare grievous unto them, and easie to have been amended, sought not the remedy, but have increased the griefe, and like frantick beasts raging against their head, doe teare and deface as much as lyeth in them, his whole authoritie in government, and violently take to themselves that rule on them, which he by policie hath granted unto other. And who waighing well the heavinesse of the fault, may not justly say and hold them to be worse herein then any kinde of bruite beasts. For we see that the sheep will obey the shepheard, and the nete [calf] be ruled by the nete-heard, and the horse will know his keeper, and the dog will be in awe of his master, and every one of them feed there, and of that as his keeper and ruler doth appoint him, and goeth from thence and that, as he is forbidden by his ruler. And yet we have not heard of, that any heard or company of these have risen against their herdmen or governour, but be alwaies contented not only to obey them, but also to suffer them to take profit of them. And wee see furthermore that all herds, and all sorts, be more eager in fiercenesse against all kinde of strangers, then they be against their owne rulers, and will easier offend him who hath not hurt them than touch their ruler who seeketh profit on them. But yee that ought to be governed by your magistrates, as the herds by the herdman, and ought to be like sheep to your King, who ought to be like a shepheard unto you, even in the time when your profit was sought, and better redresse was intended then your upstirres and unquietnesse could obtaine, have beyond the cruel∣tie of all beasts fouly risen against your ruler, and shewed your selves worthie to be orderd like beasts, who in kinde of obedience will fall from the state of men. A dog stoupeth [crouches}  when he is beaten of his master: not for lack of stomack, but for naturall obedience: you being not striken of your head but favoured; not kept downe but succoured, and remedied by law, have violently against law, not onely baked like beasts, but also bitten like hell-hounds. What, is the mischiefe of sedition, either not known unto you, or not feared?
spacer18. Have not examples aforetimes both told the end of rebels, and the wickednesse of rebellion itselfe? But as for old examples, let them passe for a while, as things well to be considered, but at this present one thing more to be waighed. Looke upon your selves, after yee have wickedly stept into this horrible kinde of treason, doe yee not see how many bottomlesse whirlepooles of mischiefe yee be gulpht withall, and what loathsome kindes of rebe∣lion yee be faine to wade through?
spacerspacer19. Yee have sent out in the Kings name, against the Kings will, precepts of all kindes, and without commandment commanded his subjects and unrulily have ruled where yee listed [desired] to command, thinking your own fansies the Kings commandements, and rebels lusts in things to be right government of things, not looking what should follow by reason, but what yourselves follow by affection. And is it not a dangerous and a cruell kinde of treason so to give out precepts to the Kings people? There can be no just execution of laws, reformation of faults, giving out of commandments, but from the King. For in the King onely is the right hereof, and the authoritie of him derived by his appointment to his ministers. Yee having no authority of the King, but taking it of yourselves, what think yee your selves to be? Ministers yee be none except yee be the Deils ministers, for he is the author of sedition. The Kings Majestie intendeth to maintaine peace and to oppresse warre, yee stirre up uproares of people, hurlie burlies of vagabonds, routs of robbers, is this any part of the Kings ministery? If a vagabond would doe what him lust [wanted], and call himselfe your servant, and execute such offices of trust, whether yee would or no, as yee have committed to another mans credit, what would every one of you say or doe herein? Would yee suffer it? Yee wander out of houses, yee make every day new matters as it pleaseth you, yee take in hand the execution of those things, God by his word forbidding the same, which God hath put the magistrates in trust withall. What can yee say to this? Is it sufferable think yee? If yee told a private message in another mans name, can it be but a false lye I pray yee? And to tell a fained message to the Commonwealth, and that from the King, can it be honest think yee? To command is more then to speake, what is it then to command so traiterous a lye? This then which is in word a deceitfull lye, and in deed a traiterous fact, noysome to the Commonwealth, unhonourable to the King, mischievous in you, how can you otherwise judge of it but to be an unheard of and notable disobedience to the King, and therefore by notable example to be punished, and not with gentlenesse of pardon to be forgiven.
spacer20. Yee have robbed every honest house and spoiled them unjustly, and pittifully wronged poore men be∣ng no offenders, to their utter undoing, and yet yee think yee have not broken the Kings lawes. The Kings Majesties law and his commandment is, that every man should safely keep his own and use it reasonably to an honest gaine of his living. Yee violently take and carry away from men without cause all things whereby they should maintaine, not onely themselves, but also their familie, and leave them so naked, that they shall feele the smart of your cursed enterprise longer then your own unnaturall and ungodly stomacks would well vouchsafe. By justice yee should neither hurt nor wrong man,; and your pretensed cause of this monstrous stirre is to increase mens wealth. And yet how many, and say truth, have yee decayed and undone, by spoiling and taking away their goods? How should honest men live quietly in the Commonwealth at any time if their goods, either gotten by their own labour or left to them by their friends, shall unlawfully and unorderly, to the feeding of a sort of Rebels, be spoiled and wasted, and utterly scattered abroad? The thing yee take, is not your right, it is another mans owne. The manner of taking against his will, is unlawfull, and against the order of every good Commonwealth. The cause why yee take it, is mischievous and horrible, to fat up your sedition. Yee that take i, be wicked traitours, and common enimes of all good order. If he that desireth another mans goods or cattle doe fault, what doth he, think you, whose desire taking followeth, and is led to and fro by lust, as his wicked fancie void of reason doth guide him? He that useth not his own well and charitably, hath much to answer for, and shall they be thought not unjust, who not only take away other mens, but also misuse and waste the same ungodly? They that take things privily away and steale secretly and covertly other mens goods, be by law judged worthie death, and shall they, that without shame spoile things openly and be not afraid by impudence to professe their spoile, be thought either honest creatures to God, or faithfull subjects to their King, or naturall men to their Countrie? If nothing had moved you but the example of mischiefe, and the foule practice of other moved by the same, yee should yet haue abstained from so licentious and so villanous a shew of robbery, considering how many honester there be that being loath their wickednesse should be blazed abroad, yet be found out by providence, and hanged for desert. What shall we then think or say of you? shall we call you pickers, or hid theeves? Nay more then theeves, day theeves, herd stealers, sheire spoilers, and utter destroyers of all kinde of families, both among the poore, and also among the rich. Let us yet farther see, is there no more things wherein yee have broken the Kings lawes, and so vildly [vilely] dis∣obeyed him, contrary to your bounden dutie?
spacer21. Yee have not only spoiled the Kings true subjects of their goods, but also yee have imprisoned their bodies, which should be at libertie under the King, and restrained them of their service, which by dutie they owe the King and appaired both strength and health, wherewith they live and serve the King. Is there any honest thing more desired then liberty? Yee have shamefully spoiled them thereof. Is there any thing more dutifull then to serve their Lord and Master? But as that was deserved of the one part, so was it hindered and stopped on your part. For neither can the King be served, nor families kept, nor the Commonwealth looked unto where freedome of liberty is stopped, and diligence of service is hindred, and the help of strength and health abated. Mens bodies ought to be free from all mens bondage and cruelty, and only in this realme be subject in publike punishment to our publike Governour, and neither be touched of headlesse csptaines, nor holden of brainlesse rebels. For the government of so pretious a thing ought to belong unto the most noble ruler, and not justly to be in every mans power, which is justly every living mans treasure. For what goods be so deare to every man as his owne body is, which is the true vessell of the minde to bee measurably kept of every man for all exercises and services of the minde. If yee may not of your own authority meddle with mens goods, much lesse you may of your own authoritie take order with mens bodies.
spacer22. For what be goods in comparison of health, libertie, and strength, which be all setled and fastned in the body? They that strike other, doe greatly of∣end and be justly punishable. And shall they that cruelly and wrongfully torment mens bodies with yrons and imprisonments, bethought not of other, but of themselves honest, and plaine, and true dea∣ing men? What shall we say by them who in a private businesse will let a man to goe his journey in the Kings high way? Doe they not, think yee, plaine wrong? Then in a common cause, not onely to hinder them, but also to deale cruelly with them, and shut them from doing their service to the King and their dutie to the Commonwealth, is it not both disobedience, crueltie, and mischiefe think yee? What an hinderance is it, to have a good garment hurt, any jewell appaired, or any esteemed thing to be decayed? And seeing no earthly thing a man hath more pretious then his body, to cause it to be cruelly tormented with yrons, feebled with cold, weakned with ordering, can it be thought any other thing but wrong to the sufferer, crueltie in the doer, and great disobedience and transgression to the King: How then be yee able to defend it? But seeing yee so unpittifully vex men, cast them in prison, lade them with yrons, pine them with famine, contrary to the rule of nature, contrary to the Kings Majesties laws, contrary to Gods holy ordinances, having no matter, but pretensed and fained gloses, yee be not only disobedient to the King like rebels, but withstanding the law of nature like beasts, and so worthie to dye like dogs, except the Kings Majestie, without respect of your deserving, doe mercifully grant you of his goodnesse that which you cannot escape by justice.
spacer23. Yet yee being not content with this as small things, enterprise great matters, and as though yee could not satisfie your selfe if yee should leave any mischiefe undone, have sought bloud with crueltie, and have slaine of the Kings true subjects many, thinking their murder to be your defence, when as yee have increased the fault of your vile rebellion with the horrour of bloudshed, and so have burdened mischiefe with mischiefe, while it come to an importable [considerable] weight of mischiefe. What could wee doe more in the horriblest kinde of faults to the greatest transgressours and offenders of God and men, then to look straightly on them by death, and so to rid them out of the Commonwealth by severe punishment, whom yee thought unworthie to live among men for their doings? And those who have not offended the King, but defended his realme and by obedience of service sought to punish the disobedient, and for safeguard of every man put themselves under dutie of law, those have yee miserably and cruelly slaine and bathed you in their bloud, whose doings yee should have followed: and so have appaired the Commonwealth, both by destruction of good men, and also by increase of rebels. And how can that commonwealth by any meanes in∣dure, wherein every man without authoritie may unpunished slay whom he list, and that in such case, as those who be slaine shew themselves most noble of courage and most readie to serve the King and the Commonwealth, and those as doe slay be most villanous and traiterous rebels that any commonwealth did ever sustaine. For a citie and a province bee not the faire houses and the strong walls, nor the defence of any engine, but the living bodies of men, being able in number and strength to maintain themselves by good order of justice, and to serve for all necessarie and behoueable uses in the Commonwealth.
spacer24. And when as mans body, being a part of the whole Commonwealth, is wrongfully touched any way, and specially by death, then suffereth the Commonwealth great injurie, and that alway so much the more how honester and nobler he is who is injuriously murdered. How was the Lord Sheffeld bblue andled among you, a noble gentleman and of good service, both fit for counsell in peace and for conduct in warre, considering either the gravitie of his wisdome, or the authoritie of his person, or his service to the Commonwealth, or the hope that all men had in him, or the need that England had of such, or (among many notably good} his singular excellency, or the favour all men bare toward him, being loved of every man,and hated of no man. Considered yee, who should by dutie be the Kings Subjects, either how yee should not have offended the King, or after offence have required the Kings pardon, or not to have refused his goodnesse offered, or at length to have yeelded to his mercy, or not to have slain those who came for his service, or to have spared those who in danger offered ransome. But all these things forgotten by rage of rebellion, because one madnesse cannot be without infinite vices, yee slew him cruel∣y who offered himselfe manfully; nor would not spare for ransome, who was worthy for noblenesse to have had honour; and hewed him bare, whom yee could not hurt armed; and by slavery slew nobilitie, indeed misrably, in fashion cruelly, in cause divel∣lishly. Oh with what cruell spite was violently sundred so noble a body from so godly a mind? Whose death must rather be revenged then lamented, whose death was no lack to himself but to his countrey; whose death might every way been better borne then at a rebels hand. Violence is in all things hurtfull, but in life horrible.
spacer25. What should I speake of others in the same case, divers and notable, whose death for manhood and service, can want no worthy praise, so long as these ugly stirres of rebellion can bee had in minde. God hath Himselfe joyned mans body and his soule together, not to be parted asunder afore he either dissever them himselfe, or cause them to be dissevered by his minister. And shall Rebels and headlesse camps, being armed against God, and in field against their King, think it no fault to shed bloud of true subjects, having neither office of God, nor appointment of ministers, nor just cause of rebel∣lion? He that stealeth any part of a mans substance is worthie to loose his life. What shall we thinke of them who spoile men of their lives, for the maintenance whereof not only substance and riches bee sought for, but also all common wealths be devised. Now then, your own consciences should be made your judges, and none other set to give sentence against yee: seeing yee have been such bloudsheders, so hainous man-quellers, so horrible murderers. Could you doe any other then plainly confesse your foule and wicked rebellion to bee grievous against God, and traiterous to the King, and hurtfull to the Commonwealth? So many grievous faults meeting together in one sinke might not onely have discouraged but also driven to desperation, any other honest or indifferent mind. But what feele they whose hearts so deep mischiefe hath hardned, and by vehemencie of affection be made unshamefast, and stop all discourse of reason, to let at large the full scope of their unmeasurable madnesse?
spacer26. Private mens goods seeme litle to your unsatiable desires, yee have waxed greedie now upon cities, and have attempted mighty spoiles, to glut up, if you could, your wasting hunger. Oh how much have they need of, that will never be contented? And what riches can suffice any that will attempt high enterprises above their estate? Yee could not maintaine your camps with your private goods, with your neighbours portion, but yee must also attempt cities, because yee sought great spoiles with other mens losses and had forgotten how yee lived at home honestly with your own, and thought them worthy death that would disquiet yee in your house, and pluck away that which yee by right of law thought to be your own. Herein see what yee would have done, spoiled the Kings Majesties subjects, weakned the Kings strength, overthrowne his townes, taken away his munition, drawne his subjects to like rebellion. Yea and as it is among forraine enimies in sacking of cities, no doubt thereof, yee would have fallen to slaughter of men, ravishing of wives, deflouring of maidens, chopping of children, firing of houses, beating downe of streets, overthrowing of all together. For what measure have men in the increase of madnesse when they cannot at the beginning stay themselves from falling into it. And if the besetting of one house to robbe it be justly deemed worthie <of> death, what shall we think of them that besiege whole Cities for desire of spoile?
spacer27. We live under a King to serve him at all times,when hee shall need our strength, and shall yee then not only withdraw your selves, which ought as much to be obedient as we be, but also violently pluck other away too, from the dutie unto the which by Gods commandment all subjects be straightly bound, and by all lawes every nation is naturally led? The townes be not only the ornament of the realme, but also the seat of merchants, the place of handycrafts, that men scattered in villages, and needing divers things, may in litle roome know where to finde their lack. To overthrowe them, then, is nothing else but to waste your owne commodities, so that when yee would buy a necessary thing for mony, yee could not tell where to find it. Munition serveth the King, not only for the defence of his own, but also for the invasion of his enimie. And if yee will then so strait∣ly deale with him that yee will not let him so much as defend his own, yee offer him double injurie, both that ye let him from doing any notable fact abroad, and also that yee suffer not him quietly to injoy his own at home. But herein hath notably appeared what cities have faithfully served and suffered extreame danger, not only of goods, but also of famine and dearth, rather then to suffer the Kings enimies to enter, and what white-liverd cities blue have not onely not withstood them, but also with shame favoured them and with mischiefe ayded them.
spacer28. And I would I might praise herein all cities alike, which I would doe if all were like worthie. For then I might shew more faith in subjects then strength in rebels, and testifie to men to come what a generall faith every Citie bare to the Kings Majesty, whose age although it were not fit to rule, yet his subjects hearts were willing to obey, thinking not onely of his hope, which all men conceive hereafter to be in him, but also of the just kinde of government which in his minoritie his Councell doth use among them. And here, how much and how worthily may Exeter be commended? blue Which being in the midst of Rebels, unvictualled, unfurnished, unprepared for so long a siege, did nobly hold out the continuall and dangerous assault of the rebell. For they sustained the violence of the rebell,not only when they had plenty enough of victuall, but also eleven or twelue daies after the extreame famine came on them, and living without bread, were in courage so manfull, and in dutie so constant, that they thought it yet much better to die the extreame death of hunger, shewing truth to their King and love to their countrie, than to give any place to the rebell,and favour him with ayde, although they might have done it with their lesse danger. Whose example if Norwich had fol∣lowed and  had not rather given place to traitour Ket, than to keep their duty, and had not sought more safeguard then honesty, and private hope more then common quietnesse, they had ended their rebellion sooner, and escaped themselves better, and saved the losse of the worthie Lord Sheffeld, in whom was more true service for his life, then in them for their goods. And although this cannot be spoken against certaine honest that were amongst them, whose praise was the greater, because they were so few, yet the greater number was such that they not only obeyed the rebell for feare, but also followed him for love, and did so traiterously order the Kings band under my Lord Marquesse, blue that they suffered more dammage out of their houses by the townesmen, than they did abroad by the rebels. Whose fault, as the Kings Majestie may pardon, so I would either the example might be forgotten that no citie might hereafter follow the like, or the deed be so abhorred, that other.
spacer29. Who then that would willingly defend yee, can say any thing for yee, which have so diversly faulted, so traiterously offended, not only against private men severally, but also generally against whole townes, and that after such a sort as outward enimies, full of deadly feud, could not more cruelly invade them? And thus the Kings Majestie dishonoured, his Councell disobeyed, the goods of the poore spoiled, the houses of the wealthy sacked, honest mens bodies imprisoned, worthie mens personages slaine, cities besieged and threatned, and all kind of things disordered? Can yee without teares and repentance heare spoken of, which without honesty and godlinesse yee practised, and not finde in your hearts now to returne to dutie, which by witchcraft of sedition, were drowned in disorder? Have yee not in disorder first grievously offended God, next traiterously risen against your King, and so neither worthy everlasting life, as long as yee so remaine, nor yet civill life, being in such a breach of common quietnesse? If every one of these cannot by themselves pluck you back from these your lewd and out∣agious enterprises, yet let altogether stirre yee, or at least be a fearefull example to other, to beware by your unmeasurable folly, how they doe so far provoke God, or offend man, and find by your mistem∣per to be themselves better ordered, and learne still to obey, because they would not repent, and so to live with honestie, that they would neither willingly offend Gods law, nor disobey mans.
spacer30. But and yee were so much bled[blear-eyed] that you did think impossible things; and your reason gabe yee against all reason that yee neither displeased God herein nor offended the King.yet be yee so blinde, that yee understand not your own case, nor your neighbours misery, nor the ruine of the whole Commonwealth, which doth evidently follow your so foule and detestable sedition? Doe yee not see, how for the maintenance of these ungodly rablements, not only cities and villages but also shieres and countries  be utterly distroyed? Is not their corne wasted, their cattle fetcht away, their houses rifled, their goods spoiled, and all to feed your up-rising without reason, and to maintaine this tumult of rebellion, invented of the Divell, continued by you, and to be overthrowne by the power of Gods mighty hand? And why should not so hurtfull wasting and herrying of countries be justly punished with great severitie, seeing robbing of houses and taking of pursess doe by law deserve the extremitie of death? How many suffer injurie when one hundred of a shiere is spoiled? And what injury, think yee, is done, when not only whole shieres be destroied, but also every quarter of the realme touched? Haue yee not brought upon us all poverty, weaknesse, and hatred within the Realme? And discourage, shame, and dam∣mage, without the Realme? If yee miserably intended, not onely to undoe other, but also to destroy your selves, and to overthrow the whole realme, could yee have taken a readier way to your own ruine then this is?
spacer31. And first, if yee be any thing reasonable, lift up your reason and waigh by wisdome, if not all things yet your own cases: and learne in the beginning of matters to foresee the end and so judge advisedly, ere yee enter into any thing hastily. See yee not this yeare the losse of Harvest? And think yee yee can grow to wealth that yeare when yee lose your thrist and profit? Barnes be poore mens storehouses wherein lieth a great part of every mans own living, his wives and his childrens living, wherewith men maintaine their families, pay their rents, and therefore be alwaies thought most rich when they have best crops. And now when there is neither plentie of hay, nor sufficient of strawe, nor corne enough, and that through the great disorder of your wicked rebellion, can yee think yee to doe well, when yee undoe your selves; and judge it a Commonwealth when the commons are destroyed, and seek your hap by unhappinesse; and esteeme your own losse to bee your own forwardnesse, and by this judgement shew your selves, how litle you understand other mens matters, when yee can scarcely consider the waightiest f your own? Hath not the hay this yeere, as it rose from the ground, so rotted to the ground again? And where it was wont by mens seasonable labour, to be taken in due time, and then serve for the maintenance of horse and cattle, wherewith we live, now by your disordered mischiefe hath been by mens idlenesse and undutifulnesse, let alone untouched, and so neither serveth the poore to make mony of, nor any cattle to live with. The corne was sowne with labour, and the ground tilled for it with labour, and looked to be brought home againe with labour, and for lack of honest labourers, is lost on the ground, the owners being loyterers and seeking other mens, have lost their own, and hoping for mountaines, lacked their present thrift, neither obtaining that they sought, nor seeking that they ought. And how shall men live when the maintenance of their provision is lacking? For labouring and their old store is wasted by wildnesse of sedition, and so neither spare the old nor save the new. How can men be fedde then, or beasts live when as such wastfull negligence is miserably used, and, mispending the time of their profit in shamefull disorder of inobedience, they care not greatly what becomes of their own, because they intend to live by other mens? Hay is gone, corne is wasted, strawe is spoiled. What reckoning of harvest can yee make either for the aid of others, or for the reliefe of your selves? And thus have yee brought in one kinde of misery, which if yee saw before, as yee be like to feele after, although yee had hated the Commonwealth, yet for love of your selves, yee would have avoided the great enormitie thereof, into the which yee wilfully now have cast in your selves.
spacer32. Another no lesse is, that such plenty of victuall as was abundantly in every quarter  for the reliefe of us all, is now all wastfully and unthriftfully spent, in maintaining you unlawfull rebels, and so with disorder all is consumed, which with good husbandry might long have endured. For so much as would have served a whole yeare at home with diligent with skilfull heed of husbandrie, that is wilfully wasted in a moneth in the camp, through the ravening spoil of villany. For what is unordered plenty but a wastfull spoile? Whereof the inconvenience is so great, as yee be worthie to feele, and bringeth in more hardnesse of living, greater dearth of all things, and occasioneth many causes of diseases. The price of things must needs increase much, when the number of things waxeth lesse, and by scarcitie be inhansed, and compelleth men to abate their liberality in house, both to their own, and also to strangers. And where the rich wanteth, what can the poore find? Who in a common scarcitie liveth most scarcely, and feeleth quickliest the sharpnesse of starving, when every man for lack is hungerbitten: which if yee had well remembred before, as yee now may after perceive, yee would not I think so stiffneckedly have resisted, and endangered your selfe in the storm of famine, whereof yee most likely must have the greatest part, which most stubbornly resisted, to your own shame and confusion.
spacer33. Experience teacheth us that after a great dearth commeth a great death, for that when men in great want of meat eat much ill meat, they fill their bodies with ill humours, and cast them from their state of healt, into a subjection of sicknesse because the good bloud in the body is not able to keep his temper for the multitude of the ill humours that corrupteth the same. And so grow great and deadly plagues, and destroy great numbers of all sorts, sparing no kinde that they light on, neither respecting the poore with mercy, nor the rich with favour. Can yee therefore think herein when yee see decay of victuals, the rich pinch, the poore famish, the fol∣lowing of diseases, the greatnesse of death, the mourning of widowes, the pittifulnesse of the fatherlesse, and all this misery to come through your unnaturall misbehaviour, that yee have not dangerously hurt the Commons of your countrywith a dolefull and an uncurable wound? These things being once felt in the Commonwealth, as they must needs be, every man seeth by and by what followeth, a great diminishment of the strength of the realme, when the due number that the Realme doth maintain is made lesse, and thereby we be made rather a prey for our enimies then a safetie for our selves.
spacer34. And how can there be but a great decay of people at the length, when some be overthrown in war, some suffer for punishment, some pine for famine, some die with the camps diet, some be consumed with sicknesse. For although you think your selves able to match with a few unprepared Gentlemen and put them from their houses that yee might gaine the spoile, doe yee judge therefore your selves strong enough not only to withstand a Kings power, but also to overthrow it? Is it possible that yee should have so mad a frensie in your head that yee should think the number yee see so strong, that all yee see not, should not be able to prevaile to the contrarie? With what reason could yee think, that if yee bode the hot brunt of battle but yee must needs feele the smart, specially the Kings power comming against you, which if yee feare not belike yee knowe not the force thereof? And so much the greater number is lost in the realme that both the overcommer and the overcommed be parties, although unlike, of one realme, and what losse is, not onely of either side, but of both, that doth plainly redown to the whole. Then where so great and so horrible a fault is committed as worse cannot be mentioned of, from the beginning, and bringeth in withall such penury, such weaknesse, such disorder in the Commonwealth as no mischiefe beside could doe the like, can any man think with just reason that all shall escape unpunished, that shall escape the sword, and not many for terrour and example sake should be looked unto, who have been either great doers in such a disordered villanie, or great Counsellours to such an outgrown mischiefe, seeing the only remedy of redressing wilfull faults, is a just and a severe punishment of such whose naughty deeds good men ought to abhorre for duties sake, and ill men may dread for like punishments sake, and a free licence to doe mischiefe unpunished, is so dangerous that the sufferance of one is the occasion of the fall of a great number, and womanish pittie to one is a deceitfull crueltie to the whole, inticing them to their own destruction by sufferance, which would have avoided the danger by fore-punishment.
spacer35. And in such a barrennesse of victuall as must needs come after so ravening a spoile, it must needs be, that some, though few, shall be so nipt with eagernesse of famine, that they shall not recover againe themselves out of so fretting a danger. So in a gene∣rall weaknesse, where all shall be feebled, some must needs die, and so diminish the number and abate such strength as the realme defended it selfe withall afore. Which occasion of never so few, comming of so great a cause, if yee should make just amends for, not of recompence, which yee could not, but of punishment, which yee ought, how many, how divers, and how cruell deaths, ought every one of yee often suffer? How many came to the camps from long labour to suddaine ease, and from meane fare to stroying of victuall, and so fell in a manner unawares, to such a contrary change that nature her self, abiding never great and suddaine changes, cannot beare it without some grounds entred of diseases to come, which uncircumspect men shall sooner feele then think of, and then will scarcely judge the cause when they shall be vexed with the effect. It is litle marvell that idlenesse, and meat of another mans charge, will soone feed up and fat likely men, but it is great marvell if idlenesse and other mens meat doe not abate the same by sicknesse againe, and specially comming from the one and going to the other, contrary in those who violently seek to turn in a moment, the whole realme to the contrary. For while their minde changeth from obedience to unrulinesse, and turneth it selfe from honesty to wildnesse, and their bodies goe from labour to idlenesse, from small fare to spoile of victuall, and from beds in the night to cabins, and from sweet houses to stinking camps, it must needs be by changing of affections which alter the body, and by using of rest that filleth the body, and glutting of meats which weakneth the body, and with cold in the nights which acrazeth {breaks] the body,  with corrupt ayre which infecteth the body, that there follow some grievous tempest, not onely of contagious sicknesse, but also of present death to the body. The greatest pluck of all, is that vehemence of plague, which naturally followeth the dint of hunger, which when it entreth once among men, what darts of pangues, what throwes of paines, what shouts of death doth it cast out, how many fall, not astonied with the sicknesse, but fretted with the pain, how beateth it downe, not only small townes, but also great countries?
spacer36. This when yee see light first on your beasts, which lacke fodder, and after fall on men, whose bodies gape for it, and see the scarcenesse of men to be by this your foule enterprise, and not onely other men touched with plagues but also your own house stung with death, and the plague also raised of your rising,to fire your selves, can yee think to be any other but manquellers [destroyers] of other, and murderers of your selves, and the principalls of the overthrow of so great a number as shall either by sword or punishment, famine, or some plague, or pestilence be consumed, and wasted out of the Commonwealth? And seeing he that decayeth the number of cotta∣ges or plowes in a towne, seemeth to be an enimie to the Commonwealth, shall we not count him, not only an enimie but also a murtherer of his country, who by hare-brained unrulinesse, causeth the utter ruine, and pestilent destruction of so many thousand men? Grant this folly then and oversight to be such as worthily yee may count it, and I shall goe further in declaring of other great inconveniences which your dangerous and furious misbehaviour hath hurt∣ully brought in, seeing divers honest and true dealing men, whose living is by their own provision, hath come so afore-hand by time, that they have been able well to live honestly in their houses, and pay besides their rents of their farmes truly, and now have by your cruelty and abhorred insurrections lost their goods, their cattle, their harvest, which they had gotten before, and wherewith they intended to live hereafter, and now be brought to this extremitie, that they be neither able to live,as they were wont at home afore, nor to pay their accustomable rent at their due time. Whereby they bee brought into trouble and unquietnesse, not only musing what they have lost by you, but also cursing you by whom they have lost it, and also in danger of losing their holds at their lords hands, except by pittie they shew more mercy then the right of the law will grant by justice.
spacer37. And what a griefe is it to an honest man to labour truly in youth, and to gaine painfully by labour wherewith to live honestly in age, and to have this, gotten in long time, to be suddenly raught away by the violence of sedition? Which name he ought to abhorre by it selfe, although no misery of losse followed to him thereby. But what greater griefe ought seditious rebels to have themselves, who if they be not striken with punishment yet ought to pine in conscience, and melt away with the griefe of their own faults, when they see innocents and men of true service hindred and burdened with the hurt of their rebellion, and who in a good commonwealth, should for honesties sake prosper, they by these rebels only meane, be cast so behinde the hand as they cannot recover easily again by their own truth, that which they have lost by those traitours mischiefe. And if unjust men ought not so to bee handled at any mans hands, but only stand to the order of a law, how much more should true and faithfull subjects, who deserve praise, feele no unquietnesse, nor be vexed with sedition,who be obediently in subjection, but rather seek just amends at false rebels hands, and by law obtain that they lost by disorder, and so constraine you to the uttermost to pay the recompence of wrongfull losses, because yee were the authors of these wrongfull spoiles. Then would yee soon perceive the Commonwealths hurt, not when others felt it who deserved it not, but when you smarted who caused it, and stood not and looked upon other mens losses, which yee might pittie, but tormented with your owne, which yee would lament.
spacer38. Now I am past this mischiefe, which yee will not hereafter deny when yee shall praise other mens foresight, rather then your wicked doings in bewailing the end of your furie in whose beginning yee now rejoyce. What say yee to the number of vagabonds and loytring beggers,which after the overthrow of your camp and scattering of this seditious number, will swarme in every corner of the realm, and not only ly loitring under hedges, but also stand sturdily in cities and beg boldly at every dore, leaving labour which they like not, and following idlenesse which they should not. For every man is easily and naturally brought from labour to ease, from the better to the worse, from diligence to sloathfulnesse, and after warres it is commonly seen that a great number of those which went out honest, returne home againe like roisters, and as though they were burnt to the warres bottome, they have all their life after an unsavory smack thereof, and smell still toward day-sleepers, pursse-pickers, high-way-rob∣bers, quarrel-makers, yea and bloud-sheders too. Doe we not see commonly in the ende of warres more robbing, more begging, more murdering then before, and those to stand in the high way to aske their almes, whom yee be afraid to say nay unto honestly least they take it away from you violently, and have more cause to suspect their strength then pitty their need. Is it not then daily heard, how men be not only pursued but utterly spoiled, and few may ride safe by the Kings way, except they ride strong, not so much for feare of their goods, which men esteeme lesse, but also for danger of their life, which every man loveth. Worke is undone at home, and loiterers linger in streets, lurke in ale-houses, range in high-waies, valiant beggers play in townes, and yet complaine of need, whose staffe if it be once hot in their hand, or sluggishnesse bred in their bosomes, they will never be allured to labour againe, contenting the themselves better with idle beggery then with honest and profitable labour. And what more noysome beasts to be in a commonwealth? Drones in hives suck out the hony, a small matter, but yet to be looked on by good husbands. Caterpillers destroy the fruit, an hurtfull thing and well shifted for, by a diligent overseer. Divers vermin destroy corn, kill pullein, engines and snares be made for them. But what is a loyterer? A sucker of honie, a spoiler of corne, a destroyer of fruit, nay a waster of mony, a spoiler of victuall, a sucker of bloud, a breaker of orders, a seeker of breakes, a queller of life, a basiliske of the Commonwealth, which by company and sight doth poyson the whole country and staineth honest mindes with the infection of his venome, and so draweth the Commonwealth to death and destruction.
spacer39. There can be no end of faults if a man rehearse all faults that doe necessary follow this unruly sturdinesse. For not only vagabonds wandering and scattering themselves for mischiefe shall run in a mans eyes, but also disorder of every degree shall enter in into a mans minde, and shall behold hereby the Commonwealth miserably defaced by you, who should as much as other have kept your selves in order in it. Neither be the magistrates duly obeyed, nor the lawes justly feared, nor degrees of men considered, nor masters well served, nor parents truly reverenced, nor lords remembred of their tenants, nor yet other naturall, or civill law much regarded. And it is plainly unpossible that that countrey shall well stand in government and the people grow to wealth, where order in every state, is not fitly observed, and that body cannot be without much griefe of inflamation, where any least part is out of joint, or not duly set in his own naturall place.
spacer40. Wherefore order must be kept in the Commonwealth like health in the body, and all the drift of policie looketh to this end how this temper may bee safely maintained without any excesse of unmeasurablenesse either of the one side or of the other. And easie enough it is to keep the same when it is once brought into the meane, and to hold it in the stay it is found in, but when it bursteth out once with a vehemence, and hath gotten into an unruly disorder, it spreadeth so fast and overfloweth all honest mens resisting so violently, that it will be hard to recover the breach of long time againe except with great and wise counsell, which no doubt shall be in season used, there be wonderfull remedies sought therefore. And even as a man falling, is easier holden up by stay than when he is fallen downe,he is able to rise againe, so is the Commonwealth slipping by the foresight of wisdome better kept from ruine then when it is once fallen into any kinde of misery, the same may be called againe to the old and former state. Doe we not evidently know, that a man may, better keep his arm or his leg from breaking or falling out of joint afore hurt come to it, then after the hurt it may safely and quietly be healed and restored to the former strength and health againe? And now through your seditious meanes things that were afore quiet and in good order, lawes feared and obeyed, subjects ruled and kept in dutie, be all now in a great disorder, and like if it be not holpen [helped], to grow to wildnesse,and a beastli∣esse, seeing that neither common dutie can be kept, which nature prescribeth, nor common law can bee regarded, which policie requireth. How can yee keep your own if yee keep no order, your wife and children, how can they be defended from other mens violence, if yee will in other things break all order, by what reason would yee be obeyed of yours as servants, if yee will not obey the King as subjects, how would ye have others deale orderly with you, if yee will use disorder against all others? Seeing then there is such a confusion now of things, such a turmoile of men, such a disorder of fashions, who can look to live quietly a great while, who can think but that yee have miserably tossed the Commonwealth, and so vexed all men with disorder, that the inconvenience hereof, cannot only nip others, but also touch you?
spacer41. But now see how that not only these unlooked for mischiefe, have heavily growne on yee, but also those commodities which yee thought to have holpen [helped] your selves and others by, be not only hindered but also hurt thereby. The Kings Majestie by the advise &c. intended a just reformation, of all such things as poore men could truly shew themselves oppressed with, thinking equalitie of justice, to bee the diadem of his kingdome and the safegard of his commons. Which was not onely intended by wisdome, but also set on with speed and so entred into a due considering of all states, that none should have just cause to grudge against the other, when as every thing rightfully had, nothing could be but unrightfully grudged at. And this would have beene done, not onely with your glad and willing assent, but also been done by this day almost throughout the whole realme so that quietly it had been obtained without inconvenience, and speedily without delay. And whatsoever had been done by the Kings Majesties authoritie, that would by right have remained for ever, and so taken in law, that the contra∣ry partie, neither could by justice, neither would by boldnesse, have enterprised the break thereof. But lest wicked men should be wealthy, and they whose hearts be not truly bent to obedience should obtain at the Kings hand, that they deserved not in a Commonwealth, yee have marvellously and worthily hurt your selves, and graciously provided except the Kings goodnesse be more unto you then your own deserts can claime, that yee be not so much worthie as to be benefitted in any kinde, as yee be worthie to lose that ye have on every side. Yee have thought good to be your own reformers belike, not onely unnaturally mistrusting the Kings justice but also cruelly and uncivilly dealing with your own neighbours.
spacer42. Wherein I would as yee have hurt the whole realme, so ye had not enterprised a thing most dangerously to your selves and most contrary to the thing yee intended. If yee had let things alone, thought good by your selves to be redressed and dutifully looked for the performance of that the Kings Majestie promised reformation, they should not have been undone at this time, as in a great sort of honest places they be, nor those countries who for their quietnesse be most worthie to be looked on, should have been unprovided for at this day. But this commodity hath happened by the way, that it is evident∣ly knowne by your mischiefe that others dutie, who be most true to the King and most worthie to bee done for, and who be most pernitious and traiterous rebels. And it is not to be doubted but they shall be considered with thanks, and finde just redresse without deserved misery, and you punished like rebels who might have had both praise and profit like subjects. For that as yee have valiantly done of your selves, think yee it will stand any longer then men feare your rage, which cannot endure long, and that yee shall not then bide the rigor of the law for your private injuries, as yee used the furie of your braines in other mens oppressions? Will men suffer wrong at your hands when law can redresse, and the right of the Commonwealth will maintaine it, and good order in countries will beare it? Yee amend faults as ill chyrurgions [surgeons] heale sores, which when they seem to be whole above they rankle at the bottom, and so be faine continually to be sore, or else be mended by new breaking of the skin. Your redresse seemeth to you perfect and good, yee have pulled down such things as yee would, yee think now all is well, yee consider no farther, yee seek not the bottome, yee see not the sore, that yee have done it by no law, yee have redressed it by no order, what then? If it be none otherwise searched then by you, it will not tarry long so, either it will be after continually as it was afore your comming, or else it must be, when all is done, amended by the King.
spacer43. Thus have yee both lacked in the time, and mist [missed] in the doing, and yet besides that yee have done, which is by your doing to no purpose, yee have done the things with such inconveniences as hath been both before rehearsed and shall be after declared, that better it had been for you, never to have enjoyed the commoditie, if there be any, then to suffer the griefes that will ensue, which be very many. In every quarter some men whom yee set by will bee lost, which every one of you if yee have love in yee, would rather have lacked the profit of your inclo∣ures, then cause such destruction of them as is like by reason and judgement necessarily to follow. What Commonwealth is it then to doe such abominable enterprises after so vile a sort that yee hinder that good yee would doe, and bring in that hurt yee would not, and so finde that yee seek not  and follow that yee lose, and destroy your selves by folly, rather then yee would be ordered by reason, and so have not so much amended your old sores as brought in new plagues, which yee your selves that deserve them will lament, and we which have not  deserved them may curse you for.
spacer44. For although the Kings Majestie . intended for your profits a reformation in his Commonwealth, yet his pleasure was not, nor no reason gave it, that every subject should busily entermedle with it of their own head, but onely those whom his Councell thought most meet men for such an honest purpose. The Kings Majestie hath godly reformed an unclean part of religion, and hath brought it to the true forme of the first Church that followed Christ, thinking that to be the truest, not what latter mens fancies have of themselves devised, but what the Apostles and their fellowes had at Christs hand received, and willeth the same to be knowne and set abroad to all his people. Shall every man now that listeth and fancieth the same take in hand uncalled, to be a Minister and to set forth the same, having no authoritie? Nay, though the thing were very godly that were done, yet the person must needs doe ill that enterpriseth it, because he doth a good thing after an ill sort, and looketh but on a litle part of dutie, considering the thing, and leaveth a great part unadvised, not considering the person, when as in a well and justly done matter, not only these two things ought well to bee weighed, but also good occasion of time, and reasonable cause of the doing, ought also much to be set afore every doers eyes. Now in this your deed, the manner is ungodly, the thing unsufferable, the cause wicked, the person seditious, the time traiterous, and can yee possibly by any honest defence of reason, or any good conscience religiously grounded, deny that this malitious and horrible fault, so wickedly set on, is not only sinfull afore God and traiterous to the King, but also deadly and pestilent to the whole Commonwealth of our Countrie, and so not onely overfloweth us with the miserie, but also overwhelmeth you with the rage thereof?
spacer45. Yet further see, and yee be not weary, with the multitude of miseries, which yee have marvellously moved, what a yoke yee wilfully doe bring on your selves, in stirring up this detestable sedition, and so bring your selves into a further slavery if you use your selves often thus inobediently. When common order of the law can take no place in unruly and disobedient subjects, and all men will of wilfulnesse resist with rage, and think their own violence to be the best justice, then be wise magistrates compelled by necessity to seek an extreame remedie where meane salves help not, and bring in the martiall law where none other law serveth. Then must yee be contented to bide punishment without processe, condemnation without witnesse, suspition is then taken for judgement, and displeasure may be just cause of your execution, and so without favour yee finde straitnesse, which without rule seek violence. Yee think it a hard law and unsufferable. It is so indeed, but yet good for a medicine. Desperate sicknesse in physick must have desperate remedies, for mean medicines will never help great griefes. So if yee cast your selves into such sharp diseases, yee must needs look for sharp medicines again at your physitians hands.
spacer46. And worthie yee be to suffer the extremitie in a Commonwealth, which seek to doe the extremitie, and by reason must receive the like yee offer, and so be contented to bide the end willingly which set on the beginning wilfully. For no greater shame can come to the Commonwealth then that those subjects which should be obedient even without a law cannot be contented to be ordered by the law, and by no meanes kept within their dutie, which should every way offend rather then in their dutie. It is a token that the subjects lack reason, when they forsake law, and think either by their multitude to finde pardon, which cannot justly stretch to all, or else by strength to beare the stroke, which cannot prosper against a king. They must needs litle consider themselves, who bring in this necessitie, rather to stand to the pleasure of a mans will then to abide the reason of the law, and to be endangered more when another man listeth than when himselfe offendeth. And this must necessarily follow if your rebellion thus continue, and while yee seek to throwe downe the yoke which yee fancie your selves burdened withall, yee bring your selves in a greater bondage, leaving safetie and following danger, and putting your selves under the justice of them whose favour yee might easily have kept, if yee would willingly and dutifully have served. Now the Gentleme be more in trust, because the Commons be untrusty, and they got by service which yee lose by stubbornesse, and therefore must needs, if yee thus continue, have more authoritie from the King because yee would be in lesse sub0jection to the King, and that as yee will not doe of your selves, yee must be compelled to doe by others, and that yee refuse to doe willingly, think yee must be drawne to doe the same constrainedly. Which when it commeth to passe, as wisdome seeth in your faults that it must needs, what gaine yee then, or what profit can arise to you by rising which might have found ease in sitting still, and what shall yee be at length the better for this turmoile, which be∣sde divers other incommodities rehearsed, shall be thus clogged with the unsufferable burden of the martiall law.
spacer47. Yet is there one thing behind which me thinketh your selves should not forget, seeing that yee have given the cause yee should duly look for the effect. Yee have spoiled, imprisoned and threatned gentlemen to death, and that with such hatred of minde as may not well be borne: the cause thereof I speak not on, which tried will happily be not so great. But see the thing: set murther aside, it is the hainousest fault to a private man. What could more spightfully have been done against them than ye have used with crueltie? Can this doe any other but breed in their stomacks great grudge of displeasure toward you, and engender such an hatred as the weaker and the sufferer must needs beare the smart thereof? The Kings best kinde of government is so to rule his subjects as a father ordereth his children, and best life of obedient subjects is one to behave himselfe to another as though they were brethren under the King their father. For love is not the knot onely of the Commonwealth, whereby divers parts be perfectly joyned together in one politique bodie, but also the strength and might of the same, gathering together into a small room with order, which scattered would else breed confusion and debate. Dissention we see in small houses, and thereby may take example to great commonwealths, how it not only decayeth them from wealth, but also abateth them from strength. Think small examples to take place in great matters, and the like though not so great to follow in them both, and thereby learn to judge of great things unknowne by small things perceived.
spacer48. When brethren agree not in a hous, goeth not the weakest to the walls? And with whom the father taketh part withall, is not he the likest to prevaile? Is it not wisedome for a yonger brother, after the good will of the parents, to seek his eldest brothers favour, who under them is most able to doe for him? To seeke them both with honesty is wisedome, to loose them both by sullennesse is madnesse. Hath there not been daily benefits from the gentlemen to you, in some, more, and in some lesse, but in none considered, which they have more friendly offered then you have gently requited. This must ye lose, when ye will not be thankfull, and learn to gaine new good will by desert, when ye forsake the old friendship unprovoked. And ye must think that living in a commonwealth together, one kind hath need of an other, and yet a great sort of you more need of one gentleman, then one gentleman of a great sort of you. And though all be parts of one commonwealth, yet all be not like worthy parts, but all being under obedience, some kind in more subjection one way and some kind in more service another way. And seeing ye be lesse able by money and liberality to deserve good will then other be, and your only kind of desert is to shew good will, which honest men doe well accept as much worth as money, have ye not much hindered and hurt your selfes blue herein, loosing that one kind of humanity which ye have only left, and turning it into cruelty which ye ought most to abhor, not only because it is wicked of it selfe, but also most noy [annoy] some to you. I can therefore for my part think no lesse herein but ye must find some inconvenience he rein  [reign], if you follow your stifnesse still and  must needs judge that ye have wilfully brought on your selves such plagues as the like could not have fallen on you but by your selves. Seing then thus many wayes ye have hurt the Commow-ealth of this whole Country within, by destruction of shieres, loosing of haruest, wasting of victuall, decaying of manhode [manhood], undoing of farmers, encreasing of vagabonds, maintaining of disorder, hindering of redresses, bringing in of martiall law, and breeding continual hatred amongst divers states, what think ye, I pray you: judge ye not that ye have committed an odious and detestable crime against the whole common-wealth, whose furtherance ye ought to have tendered by duty, and not to have sought the hurt thereof with your owne damage?
spacer49. Besides all these inward griefs, blue which every one severally must needs feele with misery, there hapneth so many outward mischancesamong strangers to us with disdaine, that if there were nothing ill within the realme which we should feele, yet the shame which doth touch us from other countries should not only move, but also compell you hartily to forethink this your rebellious sedition. For what shall strangers think when they shall heare of the great misorder, which is in this realme, with such a confusion that no order of law can keep you under, but must be faine to be beaten downe with a Kings power? Shall they not first think the Kings Majestie, in whose mind God hath powred so much hope for a child as we may look for gifts in a man, either for his age to be little set by, or for lack of qualities not to be regarded, or for default of love to be resisted, and no notable grace of God in him considered, nor the worthinesse of his office looked upon, nor naturall obedience due to him remembred. Shall they not next suppose, small estimation to be given to the rulers to whom under the King we owe due obedience, that cannot in just and lawfull matters be heard, nor men to have that right judgment of their wisedome as their justice in rule,and foresight in counsell requireth, but rather prefer their owne fancies before others experience, and deeme their owne rea∣on to be commonwealth, and other mens wisedome to be but dreaming? Shall they not truely say the subjects to be more unfaithfull in disobedience then other subjects worse ordered be, and licence of li∣berty to make wild heads without order, and that they neither have reason that understand not the mischiefe of sedition, nor duty which follow their beastlynesse, nor love in them which so little remember the Commonwealth, nor naturall affection which will dayly seeke their owne destruction? Thus the whole country lacking the good opinion of other nations, is cast into great shame by your unrulinesse, and the proceedings of the country, be they never so godly, shall be ill spoken of, as unfit to be brought into use, and good things hereby that deserveth praise shall bide the rebuke of them that list to speake ill, and ill things untouched shall be boldlyer maintayned. Nothing may with praise be redressed where things be measured by chanceable disorder rather then by necessary use, and that is thought most politike,that men will be best contented to doe, and not that which men should be brought unto by duty. And with what duty or vertue in ye can ye quench out of mens memories this foule enterprise, or gather a good report againe to this realme, who have so vilely with reproach slaundered the same, and diversly discredited it among others, and abated the good opinion which was had of the just goverment and ruled order, used heretofore in this noble realme, which is now most grievous because it is now most without cause?
spacer50. If this outward opinion, without further inconvenience were all, yet it might well be borne and would with ease decay that it grew, but it hath not onely hurt us with voyce, but endangered us in deed, and cast us a great deale behinde the hand, where else we might have had a jolly foredeale. For that opportu∣nitie of time, which seldome chanceth and is alwaies to be taken, hath been by your froward meanes lost this yeare, and so vainely spent at home for bringing downe of you, which should else profitably have been otherwise bestowed, that it hath been almost as great a losse to us abroad to lack that which wee might have obtained, as it was combrance at home to goe about the overthrowe of you, whose sedition is to be abhorred. And we might both conveniently have invaded some, if they would not reasonably have growne to some kinde of friendship, and also defended other which would beside promise, for times sake, unjustly set upon us, and easily have made this stormy time a faire yeare unto us, if our men had been so happy at home as our likelihood abroad was fortunate. But what is it, I pray you, either to let slip such an occasion by negligence, or to stop it by stubbornesse, which once past away can be by no meanes recovered, no not though with diligence yee goe about to re-enforce the same againe.
spacer51. If yee would with wickednesse have forsaken your faith to your naturall countrey, and have sought crafty meanes to have utterly betrayed it to our common enimies, could yee have had any other speedier way then this is, both to make our strength weak, and their weaknesse strong? If yee would have sought to have spighted your country and to have pleased your enimie, and follow their counsell for our hinderance, could yee have had devised of them any thing more shamefull for us and joyfull to them? If they which lie like spyals [spies] and harken after likelihoods of things to come because they declare opportunitie of times to the enimie, are to bee judged common enimies of the Countrie, what shall wee reasonably think of you who doe not secretly bewray [betray] the counsels of others, but openly betray the Commonwealth with your own deeds and have, as much as lyeth in you, sought the overthrowe of it at home, which if yee had obtained at Gods hand, as He never alloweth so horrible an enterprise, how could yee have defended it from the overthrow of other abroad? For is your understanding of things so small that, although you see your selves not unfit to get the upperhand of a few gentlemen, that yee be able to beat downe afore you the Kings power? Yea and by chance yee were able to doe that, would yee judge your selves by strength mighty enough to resist the power of outward nations that for praise sake would invade yee? Nay, think truly with your selves, that if yee doe overcom, yee be unsure both by strength abroad, and displeasure of honest men at home, and by the punishment of the God above. And now yee have not yet gotten indeed that your vaine hope looketh for by fancie, think how certainly yee have wounded the Commonwealth with a fore stroke in procuring our enimies by our weaknesse to seek victory, and by our outward miserie to seek outward glory, with inward dishonour, which howsoever they get, think it to be long of you who have offered them victory afore they began warre, because yee would declare to men hereafter belike [similar to yourselves] how dangerous it is to make stirres at home when they doe not onely make our selves weake, but also our enimies strong.
spacer52. Besides these there is another sort of men, desirous of advantage and disdainfull of our wealth, whose griefe is most our greatest hap, and be offended with religion, because they be drowned in superstition, men zealed toward God but not fit to judge, meaning better without knowledge then they judge by their meaning, worthier whose ignorance should be taken away then their will should be followed, whom we should more rebuke for their stubbornnesse then despise for their ignorance. These, seeing superstition beaten downe and religion set up, Gods word taking place, traditions kept in their kinde, difference made betweene Gods commandements and mans learning, the truth of things sought out acco∣ding to Christs institution, examples taken of the primitive Churches use, not at the Bishop of Romes ordinance, and true worship taught, and wilworship refused, doe by blindnes rebuke that which by truth they should follow, and by affection follow that which by knowledge they should abhorre, thinking usage to be truth and Scripture to be errour, not waying  [weighing] by the wordbut misconstruing by custome. And now things be changed to the better and religion trulier appointed, they see matters goe awry which hurteth the whose realme, and they rejoyce in this mischiefe as a thing worthily happened, mistaking the cause, and slandering religion as though there were no cause, why God might have punished if their used profession might still have taken place. They see not that where Gods glory is truliest set forth there the Divell is most busie for his part, and laboureth to corrupt by lewdnes that which is gotten out by the truth, thinking that if it were not blemished at the first the residue of his falsehood should af∣er lesse prevaile.
spacer53. So he troubleth by by-waies that he cannot plainly withstand, and useth subtiltie of sophistrie where plaine reason faileth, and persuadeth simple men that to be a cause which indeed cannot be tryed and taken for a cause. So he causeth religion, which teacheth obedience, to be judged the cause of sedition, and the doctrine of love, the seed of dissention; mistaking the thing but perswading mens mindes,and abusing the plain meaning of the honest, to a wicked end of religions overthrowe. The husbandman had not so soone throwne seed in his ground but steppeth up the enimy, and he soweth cockle too and maketh men doubt whether the good husband had done well or no and whether hee had sowne there good seed or bad. The fancifull Jewes in Egypt would not believe Jeremi, blue but thought their plague and their misery to come by his meanes, and leaving off idolatry to be the cause of penury,  wherefore by wilfull advice they intended to forsake the prophets counsel and thought to serve God most truly by their rooted and accustomed idola∣try. When the Christian men were persecuted in the primitive Church and daily suffered martyrdome for Christs profession, such faire season of weather was for three or foure yeare together, that the heathen judged thereupon, God to be delighted with their crueltie, and so were persuaded that with the bloud of the martyrs, they pleased God highly. Such fancies lighted now in papists and irreligious mens heads, and joyne things by chance happening together, and conclude the one to be the cause of the other, and then delight in true worshippers hurt, because they judge cursedly the good to bee bad and therefore rejoyce in the punishment of the goldy. For they being fleshly, judge by outward things, and perceive not the inward for that they lack the spirit, and so judge amisse, not understanding God, what diversitie he suffereth to blinde still the wilfull, and how through all dangers he saveth his fore-chosen. Thus have yee given a large occasion to stubborne papists, both to judge amisse, and also to rejoice in this wicked chance, contented with our mischiefe, not liking our religion, and thinking God doth punish for this better change, and have thereby an ill opinion of Gods holy truth, confirmed in them by no sure scripture but by following of mischance, which they ought to think to come for the pride and stubbornesse of the people who doth not accept Gods glory in good part, nor give no due praise to their Lord and maker.
spacer54. What should I say more? Yee hurt every way, the dangers be so great and the perils so many which doe daily follow your divellish enterprise, that the more I seek in the matter, the more I continually see to say. And what words can worthily declare this miserable beastlinesse of yours, which have intended to divide the realme and arme the one part for the killing of the other? For even as concord is not only the health but also the strength of the realme, so is sedition not only the weaknesse but also the aposteme [abscess] of the realme, which when it breaketh inwardly putteth the state in great danger of recoverie, and corrupteth the whole Commonwealth with the rotten furie that it hath long putrified with. For it is not in sedition as in other faults, which being mischievous of themselves have some notable hurt alwaies fast adjoyned to them, but in this one is there a whole hell of faults, not severally scattered but clustred on a lump together and comming on so thick that it is unpossible for a region armed with all kind of wisdome and strength thereto to avoid the dangers that issue out thereof. When sedition once breaketh out, see yee not the lawes overthrown, the magistrates dispised, spoiling of houses, murdering of men, wasting of countries, increase of disorder, diminishing of the realmes strength, swarming of vagabonds, scarcitie of labourers, and those mischiefes all plenteously brought in, which God is wont to scourge severely with all war, dearth, and pestilence?
spacer55. idlenesse linked together, can yee look for any more mischiefe in one shamefull enterprise, then yee evidently see to grow herein? As for warre, although it be miserable yet the one part getteth somewhat, and rejoyceth in the spoile, and so goeth lustier a way and either increaseth  ountry with riches, or enhaunceth himselfe with glory. But in sedition both the parts loseth. the overcommed cannot fly, the overcommer cannot spoile, the more the winner winneth the more he loseth; the more that escape the more infamous men live. All that is gained, is scarcely saved. The winning is losse, the losse is destruction, both wast themselves amd the whole most wasted. The strengthning of themselves, the decay of the country, the striving for the victory is a prey to the enimie and ,shortly to say, the hellish turmoile of sedition so far passeth the common misery of war as to slay himselfe is more heynous then to be slain of another.
spacer56. O noble peace! What wealth bringest thou in! How doth all things flourish in field and in towne! What forwardnes of religion, what increase of learning, what gravity in counsell, what devise of wit, what order of manners, what obedience of lawes, what reverence of states, what safegard of houses, what quietnesse of life, what honour of countries, what friendship of mindes, what honesty of pleasure hast thou alwaies maintained! Whose happinesse we knew not while now we feele the lack, and shall learne by misery to understand plentie, and so to avoid mischiefe by the hurt that it bringeth, and learne to serue bette, where rebellion is once knowne, and so to live truly and keep the Kings peace. What good state were yee in afore yee began? Not pricked with povertie but stirred with mischiefe to seek your destruction, having waies to redresse all that was amisse, Magistrates most ready to tender all justice and pittifull in hearing the poor mens causes, which sought to amend matters more then you can devise, and were ready to redresse blue them better then yee could imagine. And yet for a headinesse ye could not be contented but in despite of God, Who commandeth o∣edience, and in contempt of the King, whose lawes seeke your wealth, and to overthrowe the Countrie, which natural∣ly we should love, yee would proudly rise, and doe ye wot not what, and amend things by rebellion to your utter undoing. What state leave yee us in now? Besieged with enimies, divided at home, made poore with spoile and losse of our harvest, unordered and cast downe with slaughter and hatred, hindered from amendments by your own divellish hast, endangered with sicknesses by reason of misorder, laid open to mens pleasures for breaking of the lawes, and feebled to such faintnesse, that scarcely it will be recovered.
spacer57. Wherefore, for Gods sake have pittie on your selves, consider how miserably yee have spoiled, destroyed, and wasted us all, and if for desperatenesse yee care not for your selves yet remember your wives, your children, your country, and forsake this rebellion,. Wwith humble submission acknowledge your faults and tarry not the extremity of the Kings sword. Leave off with repentance and turne to your duties, aske God forgivenes, submit yee to your King, be contented for a Commonwealth one or two to die, and yeecCaptaines for the residue sacrifice your selves. yee shall so best attain the Kings gracious pardon, save the assembly and help the Commonwealth, and declare your doings to proceed of no stubbornesse but all this mischiefe to grow out of ignorance which, seeing the misery, would redress the fault, and so recover best the blot of your disorder and stay the great miseries which be like to follow. Thus if yee doe not, think truly with your selves0 that God is angry with you for your rebellion, the Kings sword drawn to defend his country, the cry of the poore to God against yee, the readinesse of the honest in armour to vanquish yee, your death to bee at hand, which yee cannot escape, having God against ye, as he promiseth in his word; the Kings power to overthrow yee gathered in the field, the Commonwealth to beat yee down with stripes and with curses, the shame of your mischiefe to blemish yee for ever.